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What’s the Difference Between the Different Types of Interventions?

What’s the Difference Between the Different Types of Interventions?

There are several situations where an intervention could be the catalyst for positive change

There are so many questions that enter the mind of someone who is considering helping another person through an intervention: “Is it my place to intervene? Am I sure the person needs an intervention? How do I go about having an intervention? What should I say? Who should I include?” and much, much more.

Interventions are serious matters, which is why it is important to consider them thoroughly. They come with structure and planning, and are best delivered with the help of a professional. It is strongly advised that all individuals who are interested in holding an intervention do their research and speak with a professional for information.

When it comes to who an intervention suited for, there are several options. Most people think of addicts or those with a substance use disorders, as these individuals clearly posses self-harming behaviors and are in serious need of a change. Interventions are also extremely effective in situations where a person is dealing with a co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorder. Anyone who is showing clear signs of problem behavior that is harmful to herself and to others is a good candidate for an intervention. It doesn’t matter how close the relationship is with this individual.

A few signs to look for when considering whether or not someone needs an intervention include:

  • Social isolation; distancing oneself from social activities that were once enjoyed
  • Unexplained mood swings
  • Denial or wanting to avoid talking about her behavior and other related problems
  • A snowball effect of life problems; health, social, financial, legal, etc.
  • Changes in personal hygiene and grooming; dramatic weight, appetite or sleep changes.
  • Preoccupation with a certain activity or behavior; letting her addiction or issues prevent her from taking care of other responsibilities and life roles
  • Inability to cut back; drinks, spends, etc. more than intended
  • Signs of tolerance or withdrawal

Are There Different Types of Interventions?

There are plenty of different people and situations where an intervention would be applicable. Therefore, it only makes sense that there are multiple intervention types or models. A professional interventionist or recovery professional can help individuals determine which type would work best for their unique situation. A few different types of interventions are described below:

  1. The Johnson Intervention Model – This type of intervention is thought of as “confrontational.” It is where the subject is unknowingly called into a meeting where his loved ones confront him. Participants will provide examples of the subject’s harmful behavior and how it has affected others. They will offer their support and request that the subject receive treatment. If he refuses, repercussions will be enforced from that point and beyond until the subject agrees to treatment.
  2. Systemic Intervention Model – This model is a different approach from the Johnson Model, where confrontation is not the best option for the situation. The systemic intervention model is primed towards subjects who are overly defensive or even hostile and aggressive. In this model, friends and family of the subject will first consult with a therapist to discuss how each participant has or is contributing to the subject’s problem behavior. Rather than encouraging family and friends to have the subject admit to his problem, the main focus is to encourage abstinence and to do what they can to get him back to a stable physical and mental state.
  3. Invitational Model – This model is not going to catch the subject off guard and cause him to feel backed into a corner or betrayed. It is a straightforward approach where intervention participants schedule a meeting with a professional interventionist, as well as the addict. An invitation is extended to the addict, allowing him to be fully prepared and aware of what the meeting is going to entail. This puts the subject’s fate in his hands; this method is not going to be effective for individuals who are hostile, in denial or in a life-threatening state.
  4. The Field Model – This type of intervention uses a combination of the Johnson and Invitational Models. In this model the subject is invited and aware of the intervention taking place; however the professional interventionist will be prepared to adapt to anything that the subject throws at them. However the subject chooses to respond to the invitation or the meeting, the therapist will be prepared to proceed accordingly.
  5. The ARISE Model – This is another model that includes the subject in all aspects of intervention planning. The foundation of this model is compassion, empathy, support and group healing.

Do You Want to Find a Professional Interventionist or Learn More about Interventions?

Are you and your loved ones faced with the difficult situation of knowing when and if it’s time to intervene in someone else’s struggles?  These questions are only the beginning when it comes to interventions. Interventions are critical and life-changing events that not only affect the subject, but others as well. No matter what the subject’s response is to the intervention, the event will be the catalyst for change. Loved ones will use the event to change how they interact with and hold relations with the subject. If the subject chooses to continue a life of suffering, loved one’s can still make the declaration that they will no longer support this decision. It allows them to move forward with their lives, and limit the destruction the subject’s behavior can have. Because of this, it is imperative that everyone takes an intervention as seriously as possible.

If you and your loved ones would like more information on interventions, our toll-free helpline is accessible 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Our recovery professionals can answer your questions, address your concerns and provide you with more information on interventions and related matter. Furthermore, if you are looking for a professional interventionist, or other resources, we can assist you with this as well. We have connections to interventionists, treatment centers and recovery services across the nation, and can certainly help you find the options that are right for you and your loved ones. A knowledgeable helping hand is just a phone call away.